Final agreement between Yemeni gov't, STC

Aden (Debriefer)
2019-10-26 | Since 4 Week

As the Yemeni internationally-recognized government has announced inking the final agreement with the separatist Southern Transitional Council (STC), Yemeni sources revealed provisions of the initialed draft pact.
Following Saudi-sponsored talks, the draft pact provides for authority to be shared between both sides and for the government to return to Aden.
The following are main provisions stipulated in the deal:
- Role of all the Yemeni State's institutions should be empowered in accordance with the political and economic arrangements mentioned in Appendix I.
- Military forces should be reorganized under the Defense Ministry's command in accordance with the military arrangements mentioned in Appendix II.
- Security forces should be reorganized under the Interior Ministry's command in accordance with the security arrangements mentioned in Appendix III.
- Citizenship rights of all the Yemeni people should be observed, province-based and sectarian discrimination should be renounced, and separatism and disunity should be renounced.
- Disadvantageous propaganda campaigns of all kinds should be stopped.
- Efforts should be united under leadership of the Saudi-led coalition to end the Houthi coup and hostile acts and to confront al-Qaeda and ISIS.
- A committee should be formed under coalition supervision and be tasked with monitoring and implementing the pact's provisions and appendices.
- The Southern Transitional Council may participate in the government delegation to the final political solution talks to end the Houthi coup.
- Once this agreement is inked, the Yemeni President should instruct all the State's institutions to apply the pact and its provisions.
The pact's political and economic arrangements provide for the following:
- Within 45 days from the signature of this pact, a technocrat political government should be formed of no more than 24 ministers appointed by the President in consultation with the prime minister and political entities, and southerners should be given 50% of the total ministries that should be occupied by persons not involved in the combating or provocative acts during events seen in Aden, Abyan and Shabwa.
- Cabinet members should be sworn in before the President in Aden the next day immediately after the government is formed.
- Aden governor and security director should be appointed by the President within 15 days after the pact is inked. Abyan and Dhalea governors should be appointed within 30 days after the pact is inked.
- The current prime minister should assume duties in Aden within no more than 7 days after the pact is signed to activate all of the State's institutions in all the liberated governorates and to work on paying the salaries and other remunerations to all the personnel of the State's military, security and civil sectors and institutions in Aden and all the liberated governorates.
- Governors and security directors of other southern governorates should be appointed by the President within 60 days after the pact is inked.
- The State's resources should be managed in a way that would guarantee the collection and deposition of all the State's revenues into the Central Bank of Yemen in Aden, including the oil revenues, tax and customs.
- The Central Organ for Control and Audit should be empowered and the national authority for combating corruption should be reestablished and empowered.
- The higher economic council should be reestablished, empowered, enhanced with qualified and independent staff, and associated to the prime minister to support fiscal and monitorial policies and combat corruption.
The pact's military arrangements provide for the following:
- All forces that have moved from their essential sites and camps to Aden, Abyan and Shabwa since last August should return to their previous sites along with all their personnel and weaponry with 15 days after the pact is inked.
- Within 15 days, all medium and heavy weapons should be moved from all units and camps in Aden to camps defined and monitored by the coalition command.
- The Southern Transitional Council and the government should redeploy all military forces and divisions into camps, located by the coalition command, outside Aden within 30 days. The Presidential Guard first brigade tasked with protecting the presidential palaces and the Yemeni President's movements as well as a force to guard the Southern Transitional Council's leaders should be excepted from the redeployment.
- Forces of the Southern Transitional Council and the government should be united and integrated into the Defense Ministry under direct supervision by the coalition within 60 days after the pact is inked.
- Military forces in Abyan, Dhalea, Lahj and Shabwa governorates should be reorganized under the coalition command in the same way applied to those in Aden within 60 days. Military forces in other southern governorates should be reorganized under the Defense Ministry's command in the same way applied to those in Aden within 90 days.
The pact's security arrangements provide for the following:
- Police and Rescue forces in Aden should assume the responsibility for securing the governorate, with forces of the government and the Southern Transitional Council should be reorganized as needed and according to the security plan, and should be associated to Aden security director and enlisted as security forces affiliated to the Interior Ministry within 30 days following the pact's signature.
- Special and anti-terror forces in Aden should be reorganized, their new personnel should be selected from the forces of the government and the Southern Transitional Council, their commander should be appointed, and they should be enlisted as security forces affiliated to the Interior Ministry within 30 days following the pact's signature.
- Forces tasked with guarding the institutions should be reorganized under one unified force named "Institution Protection Force" within 30 days following the pact's signature. Its personnel should be selected on the basis of competency from personnel of the forces currently guarding the institutions or from the forces of government or the Southern Transitional Council.
- Personnel of the Institution Protection Force should be mixed from all the southern liberated governorates and should be tasked with full protection of civil institutions, government offices, the Central Bank, Aden seaports, Aden airport, refinery, ministries' offices and State's institutions in Aden. This force should be associated and enlisted as security forces affiliated to the Interior Ministry.
- Within 90 days following the pact signature, the Institutions Protection Force should assume the protection of all other civil and vital institutions in other liberated governorates, the seaports of Mukalla, Dhaba and Mocha and Belhaf facility.
The Red Sea port city of Jeddah has been hosting indirect dialogue between the legitimate government and STC, to end escalation and solve disagreement.
Having been expected to be inked on 17 October, the Jeddah pact was delayed after the UAE had reportedly asked for amendments that rejected by the Yemeni government.


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