An international report has accused Yemen's Houthis group (Ansar Allah) of planting about one million landmines since the start of the bloody conflict in Yemen nearly four years ago, killing nearly 1,000 civilians since 2016.
The report, prepared by the Center for Armed Conflict and the International Data Analysis Project (ACLED), which specializes in collecting and analyzing data on conflict zones around the world, highlighted the impact of Houthi mines on the civilian population in Yemen.
The report said that the center "documented the killing of at least 267 civilians by Houthi mines in 140 cases reported since 2016. This figure includes only officially registered names, and it is estimated that the death toll by mines exceeds 920 civilians, as well as thousands of wounded".
Earlier in the month, five foreign experts in Yemen working for the Saudi-funded project "MASAM", a mine-clearance project, were killed while transporting mines from the organization's headquarters in the northern Yemeni province of Marib, where a mine they were carrying exploded. The truck killed the five experts and injured another expert.
On January 22, the King Salman Center for Relief and Humanitarian Action (Saudi), who runs the "MASAM" mine clearance project in Yemen, announced that five foreign experts working on the project were killed in "mistake" in Marib province, Two from South Africa, one from Kosovo, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as a British expert still receiving treatment.
In several Yemeni cities, thousands of mines and bombs have been planted by the Houthis group since the outbreak of the war in early 2015 in areas of armed conflict between Houthi-backed Houthi fighters and Yemeni forces of the internationally recognized government backed by Saudi-led Arab coalition.
On June 25, the King Salman Relief and Humanitarian Action Center launched a "pore" mine clearance project in Yemen.
The project cost $ 40 million with Saudi funding and will last for five years, according to the center.
The report of the Center for Armed Conflict and the Juvenile Data Analysis Project considered that the incident was not isolated, but rather revealed the broader danger that largely unknown mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) still pose a threat to Yemeni civilians throughout the country .
Some estimates say the Houthis have planted more than a million landmines since the war began, making Yemen "the biggest mined country" since the Second World War.
The report pointed out that the intensity of the explosions caused by Houthi mines has increased since the alliance began between the Yemeni forces involved in a military campaign in the province of Hodeida west of the country, noting that these mines constitute about 60 percent of the total civilian deaths associated with mines planted by the Houthis in 2018.
He confirmed that mine incidents have increased gradually over the past year, culminating in December 2018 and January 2019, the deadliest months since ACLED began documenting the violence in Yemen.
According to the report, close scrutiny of the data could help explain the factors behind the increase. According to the reports, between January and May of 2018, mines planted by the Houthis killed an average of three civilians per month in Hodeida province. The widespread use of explosive devices also weakened economic activity, and landmines planted In pasture farmers and animals are the main source of livelihood for many families in rural areas.
He pointed out that the group of Houthis planted marine mines threatening commercial vessels and fishermen in the Red Sea, compounding the threat already faced by fishermen as a result of the continuing threat of air attacks as well, according to data, the mobile mines killed at least 13 fishermen Off the coast of Hodeida since last July.
The international report warned that the indiscriminate use of mines and improvised explosive devices contributed to the suffering of civilians, while also violating the principles of discrimination and taking precautions as provided for in international humanitarian law.
The Yemen`s internationally recognized Yemeni government and the Arab alliance, the Houthis, accuse the port of Hodeida of smuggling weapons and ballistic missiles that come from Iran and are fired at Saudi Arabia, which the group and Tehran deny.
According to the Minister of Human Rights in the Yemeni "legitimate" government, Mohammed Askar in late August, the number of mines planted by the Houthis until 2018, amounted to more than one million mines.
The Center for Armed Conflict and the Data Analysis Project (ACLED) said on November 10 that more than 57,000 people have died as a result of the continuing conflict and war in Yemen since 2016, including more than 6,000 civilians.
Melissa Pavlick, a research analyst at the Center, then presented a graph chart (Info Graphic), which illustrates the victims of the war in Yemen.
The conflict has left tens of thousands killed, hundreds of thousands injured, and 3 million displaced and pushed the country to the world's worst humanitarian crisis, according to the UN, with more than two thirds of the 28-million population in need for a type of humanitarian aid and immediate protection, including 8.4 million people unsure how to get next meal, and some 2 million children suffering severe shortage of nutrition.